Ford Sierra



Ford Sierra
1.2. Car identification
2. Maintenance service
3. The general data
4. Engines
5. Coupling
- 6. Transmissions
    6.1. A mechanical four-speed transmission
    6.2. A mechanical five-speed transmission
   - 6.3. Automatic transmission Ford With 3
      6.3.1. Technical characteristics
      6.3.2. Service and repair
      6.3.3. Check of level of oil in a transmission
      6.3.4. Check and washing of hydrokinetic transfer
      6.3.5. Check of pressure of oil in a transmission operating time
      6.3.6. Test of an overload of the engine by hydrokinetic transfer
      6.3.7. Check in the course of movement
      6.3.8. Adjustment of a tape of a brake of forward planetary transfer
      6.3.9. Removal and transmission installation
      6.3.10. Removal and installation of a cable of the mechanism kick-down
      6.3.11. Removal and installation of the relay of safe start of the engine
      6.3.12. Malfunctions and methods of their elimination
7. A kardannyj shaft and the back bridge
8. A steering
9. Suspension brackets
10. Brake system
11. A body
12. An electric equipment


6.3.2. Service and repair
THE GENERAL DATA

Position "Р" – parking ("Parking")

In this position back wheels are fixed. The automatic transmission is blocked by the ratchet mechanism, to its not allowing shaft to rotate. Installation of the lever a feather-kljuchenija of transfers to position "Р" is possible only at the motionless car.

Position "R" – a backing

Installation of the lever of a gear change in position "R" is possible only at the motionless car. Even at very small speed of movement it is necessary to stop the car and only then to include backing transfer.


The prevention

It is impossible to try to rearrange the gear change lever in position "R" at car movement forward and in position "1", "2" or "D" at car movement back.


Position "N" – neutral position

In this position of the lever of a gear change the drive is disunited. The working engine does not actuate the car. The engine carburettor is equipped by the automatic starting arrangement which after its start keeps the accelerated idling of the engine during its warming up.

At installation of the lever of a gear change from position "N" in position "1", "2", "D" or "R" the car tends to move a little. Therefore before installation of the lever a feather-kljuchenija of transfers to one of these positions it is necessary to press a brake pedal.

Position "D" – an automatic gear change at advance

At a finding of the lever of a gear change in this position the car begins movement on 1st transfer, and switching on 2nd and 3 transfers occurs automatically depending on speed of movement of the car, and also level of opening throttle заслонки in the carburettor (position of a pedal of an accelerator). The Gear change on more lowest occurs also automatically. Pressing of a pedal of an accelerator against the stop and its deduction in this position during a short time interval (kick-down) causes, depending on speed of movement, switching from 3 transfers on 2nd or about 2nd on 1st, i.e. on more lowest transfer.

In the course of engine warming up when it works with the raised number of turns of idling, the car tends to slow троганию from a place at installation of the lever of a gear change in position "1", "2", "D" or "R". This tendency decreases in process of warming up of the engine and reduction of number of turns of its idling. Therefore at engine warming up before installation of the lever of a gear change in one of aforementioned positions it is recommended to press a pedal of a brake or to tighten the lever of a manual brake.

Position "2" – an automatic gear change with 1st on 2nd and back

The car begins movement on 1st transfer and during movement there is an automatic switching only on 2nd transfer. 3 transfer does not join. Position "2" is recommended to be used during long-term descents from heights as in this position probably enough intensive braking by the engine and, thus, brakes are preserved against excessive heating.


The prevention

The gear change lever can be rearranged in position "2" provided that speed of movement of the car does not exceed 100 km / ч.


Position "1" – 1st transfer is constantly included

The car starts to move on 1st transfer and there is no gear change on more higher. Position "1" is recommended to be used during descents from abrupt heights, as at this position probably very intensive braking by the engine. Moving of the lever of a gear change to position "1" during movement on 3 transfer causes transfer switching on 2nd. Switching on 1st transfer will occur only when speed of movement will fall to 20–40 km / ч.

The prevention

The gear change lever can be rearranged in position "1" provided that speed of movement of the car does not exceed 100 km / ч.
After automatic inclusion of 1st transfer under no circumstances there will not come transfer switching on more higher.


During movement at the gear change lever established in position "D" installation on 1st transfer is possible at once provided that speed of movement of the car makes 30–50 km / ч. It demands pressing of a pedal of an accelerator against the stop.

Use of a compulsory reduction of transfers (kick-down)

Pressing of a pedal of an accelerator against the stop does possible sharp acceleration during time dvizhe-nija downhill or overtaking (except stipulated above cases of braking by the engine). At installation of the lever of a gear change in position "D" occurs automatic a feather-kljuchenie of transfer about 2nd on 1st. The described actions can be applied it is unique in a corresponding range of speed of movement of the car.

Towage

The instructions, concerning towages of the car, and also the car equipped with an automatic transmission look in subsection 1.4.