Ford Sierra



Ford Sierra
1.2. Car identification
2. Maintenance service
3. The general data
4. Engines
5. Coupling
- 6. Transmissions
    6.1. A mechanical four-speed transmission
    6.2. A mechanical five-speed transmission
   - 6.3. Automatic transmission Ford With 3
      6.3.1. Technical characteristics
      6.3.2. Service and repair
      6.3.3. Check of level of oil in a transmission
      6.3.4. Check and washing of hydrokinetic transfer
      6.3.5. Check of pressure of oil in a transmission operating time
      6.3.6. Test of an overload of the engine by hydrokinetic transfer
      6.3.7. Check in the course of movement
      6.3.8. Adjustment of a tape of a brake of forward planetary transfer
      6.3.9. Removal and transmission installation
      6.3.10. Removal and installation of a cable of the mechanism kick-down
      6.3.11. Removal and installation of the relay of safe start of the engine
      6.3.12. Malfunctions and methods of their elimination
7. A kardannyj shaft and the back bridge
8. A steering
9. Suspension brackets
10. Brake system
11. A body
12. An electric equipment


6.3.12. Malfunctions and methods of their elimination
THE GENERAL DATA

THE REASON
ELIMINATION METHOD
The gear change lever moves hardly or is blocked. To check up the gear change lever. To check up the mechanism of a gear change and ползун the gear change lever. To check up the relay of safe management of an automatic transmission.
To check up an identification plate of transfer (on картере).
Begin to flow oils at height of hydrokinetic transfer after replacement of a sealing ring, and also the transfer pump. To check up correctness of installation of a ring in картере hydrokinetic transfer.
To check up:
  – A condition of back consolidation of a cranked shaft of the engine, and also a sealing ring of the oil pump,
  – A tightening аллюминиевых bolts of hydrokinetic transfer, a drain stopper картера hydrokinetic transfer, and also a welded seam of hydrokinetic transfer.
Traces вытекания oils from a transmission are visible outside.

To check up:
  – A sealing ring of a back part картера transmissions,
  – Horizontal маслопровода on картере and their connections,
  – An adjusting bolt of a drive of forward planetary transfer,
  – A lining of the lever of a gear change, and also the lever of a reduction of transfers,
  – A lining between a back part картера and control connections,
  – A lining of the oil pallet,
  – A lining of a cable of a drive of a speedometer,
  – A lining of a vacuum regulator.

Vytekanie oils without external traces. To replace a vacuum regulator.
Start
The engine is not started, though the starter and the accumulator are serviceable. To replace the relay of safe management of an automatic transmission.
The starter does not join in positions "Р", and also "N". To adjust the external mechanism of a gear change.
The engine is started in all positions of the lever of a gear change. To replace the relay of safe management of an automatic transmission.
Movement
There does not come a gear change or absence of draught. To check up pressure of oil in an automatic transmission. To check up serviceability of hydrokinetic transfer and the oil pump; in case of need to remove and clear a transmission. To check up, whether is present mechanical on-vrezhdenie an entrance shaft of an automatic transmission, the turbine, картера coupling or forward planetary transfer.
Movements do not occur at position "R" (absence of draught back; a drive friction in positions "D", "2", and also "1". To check up possibility of braking by the engine in position "1". To check up pressure of oil in an automatic transmission. To check up serviceability of coupling of transfer of a backing and direct transfer, and also a drive of back planetary transfer.
Absence of draught and gear change in positions "D", "2", and also "1", whereas in position "R" draught normal. To check up pressure of oil in an automatic transmission. If pressure too low in positions "D", "2", and also "1" to check up a drive of back planetary transfer, and also consolidation of coupling of planetary transfer. If pressure normal most likely there has come mechanical damage of forward planetary transfer or an entrance shaft of an automatic transmission.
Absence of draught and gear change in position "D", whereas in positions "2" and "1" draught normal. To adjust the external mechanism of a gear change. To check up functioning of unidirectional coupling. To remove and clear a transmission.
Strong friction of a drive in all positions of the lever of a gear change. To adjust number of turns of idling of the engine in position "D" for reception znache-ny 650 – 700 about / minute to Check up pressure of oil in an automatic transmission.
The car tends to automatic троганию from a place forward ("pulls") except for positions "Р" and "R". To check up serviceability of coupling of advance. To remove and clear a transmission.
Strong mechanical noise during movement. To check up serviceability of hydrokinetic transfer. To put in action a lay brake, and also to include a hydraulic brake of the car. If in position "N" noise normal, and in positions "R" and "D" noise strong also increases with increase in number of turns of the engine it is necessary to replace hydrokinetic transfer. Otherwise it is necessary to remove and clear a transmission.
Excessive mechanical noise during movement. The internal mechanical damage of a transmission demanding its removal.
Sudden occurrence during movement of abnormal noise and interruptions in draught. To check up oil level. If level normal to check up the oil filter. If the oil filter is not too polluted, to check up serviceability of the oil pump.
The brake tape is not clamped in positions "R" and "D" at too great number of turns of idling of the engine, and also at pra-vilnom a gear change. To check up pressure of oil in an automatic transmission. To check up serviceability of coupling of transfers of a backing and direct transfer. To check up serviceability of a drive of back planetary transfer.
The brake tape is not clamped in positions "R" and "D" at too great number of turns of idling of the engine, and also at correct a clip of tapes of a brake in positions "D", "2", and "1". To check up braking by the engine on 1st transfer. If braking insufficient to check up a drive of back planetary transfer. If braking correct to repair coupling of transfers of a backing and direct transfer.
Tightening of tapes of brakes insufficient in position "D" at too great number of turns of idling of the engine, and also at a correct tightening of tapes of brakes in position "R". To check up functioning in positions "2" and "1". If functioning normal unidirectional coupling is damaged; it is necessary to remove and repair a transmission.
Too small acceleration and too small maximum speed, though the engine serviceable. To remove hydrokinetic transfer and to check up its technical condition.
Too small maximum speed at normal accelerations and the serviceable engine. To check up functioning of an automatic transmission at full opening throttle заслонки during acceleration (kick-down). If normal to remove and check up hydrokinetic transfer, and also unidirectional coupling.
Gear change
Overdue gear change (an accelerator pedal slightly nazha) at speed above 45 km/h: 1500 – 2000 rpm. To check up connections and a condition of the vacuum pipeline, and also a vacuum regulator. To check up a regulator. To check up the valve of 1-1-2nd transfers. If serviceable to replace a lining of a nave of a regulator.
Overdue gear change from 1st to 3 (the accelerator pedal is slightly pressed) – 1500 – 2000 about / minute To adjust a tape of a brake of a lobby the transfer plan-tare. To check up pressure. To check up a drive of forward planetary transfer. To check up knot of valves – the valve of 1-1-2nd transfers.
Overdue gear change from 1st to 3 (the accelerator pedal is slightly pressed) – 1500 – 2000 about / minute To check up pressure of oil in automatic to-robke transfers. To check up a regulator. To check up картер the gear change lever. To check up knot of valves – the valve of 2-2-3 transfers. To remove and clear a transmission.
In position "D" there is no automatic gear change or 3rd transfer does not join. To check up pressure of oil in an automatic transmission. To check up a regulator. To check up functioning of the mechanism of a gear change. To check up a condition of a lining of a nave of a regulator.
Too small number of turns at a gear change "kick-down". The Gear change about-proceeds too early. To spend test under pressure. To adjust a cable of the device of a reduction of transfers. To check up a condition of a lining of a nave of a regulator.
Wrong number of turns of a gear change with 1st on 2nd, and also about 2nd on 3 (kick-down). An overdue gear change. To spend test under pressure. To check up oil level in an automatic transmission. To check up a regulator. To check up functioning of the mechanism of a gear change. To check up a condition of a lining of a nave of a regulator.
Loud whistle at great numbers of turns of the engine. To check up заборник the pump, pipelines всасывания and the oil pump of an automatic transmission.
In position "D" after pressing of a pedal of an accelerator against the stop ("kick-down") does not occur a rekey-nija of transfers with 3 on 2nd at speed of 75 km / ч. To adjust a cable of the device of a reduction of transfers. To check up pressure of oil in an automatic transmission. To check up the valve "kick-down".
Peda-whether in position "D" after pressing of an accelerator 3/4 its courses occurs gear changes with 3 on 2nd at speed of 50 km / ч. To check up functioning of the mechanism of a gear change. To check up pressure of oil in an automatic transmission. To check up картер knot of valves.
At speed ч at installation of the lever of a gear change from position "D" in position "1" car does not slow down of 90 km / speed at passage through position "2". To adjust a tape of a brake of forward planetary transfer. To check up a drive of forward planetary transfer. To check up pressure of oil in an automatic transmission.
At speed ч at ustanov-ke the lever of a gear change from position "D" in position "1" car does not slow down of 90 km / speed at inclusion of 1st transfer at speed above 75 km / ч. To check up a regulator. To check up functioning of the mechanism of a gear change. To check up pressure of oil in an automatic transmission.
At speed ч at installation of the lever of a gear change from position "D" in position "1" car does not slow down of 90 km / speed at inclusion of 1st transfer at speed below 25 km / ч. To check up functioning of the mechanism of a gear change. To check up a drive of back planetary transfer. To check up pressure of oil in an automatic transmission. To check up картер an automatic transmission and a regulator.
Parking
Insufficient braking of the car in position "Р". To adjust the external mechanism of a gear change. To check up the mechanism of a lay brake.

In case of malfunctions number 27, 28 and 29 to spend test in movement: to connect to a transmission a manometre and to measure at speed of 80 km / ч pressure in system at the moment of moving of the lever of a gear change from position "2" in "1". Pressure of oil should increase.